What are Stem Cells?
Stem cells are the body’s natural reservoir – replenishing stocks of specialized cells that have been used up or damaged. We all have stem cells at work inside us. Right now, inside your bone marrow, stem cells are busy making the 100,000 million new blood cells you need every single day!
We need to make new cells all the time, just to keep our body functioning. Some specialized cells, such as blood and muscle cells, are unable to make copies of themselves through cell division. Instead, they are replenished from populations of stem cells.
Stem cells have the unique ability to produce both copies of themselves (self-renewal) and other more specialized cell types (differentiation) every time they divide. Stem cells, therefore, are essential to the maintenance of tissues such as blood, skin, and gut that undergo continuous turnover (cell replacement), and muscle, which can be built up according to the body’s needs and is often damaged during physical exertion.
MSC’s: We use the term MSC for mesenchymal stem cells. We have them throughout our body, and as we age, they become fewer in number. Also, as we age the MSC’s lose their ability to fix things. They become less robust. You have them in your fat, your bone marrow, every organ in your body. The healthiest, most robust stem cells from a non-dangerous, non-controversial source are from the umbilical cord. If we look at the potency of the umbilical cord MSC’s compared to a 50-year-old person, the 60-year-old stem cells will divide once every 50-60 hours. The umbilical cord cells divide every 24 hours, which doesn’t sound like a lot until you look at the numbers. One umbilical cord cell after 30 days: you get 1 billion cells if they divide every 24 hours. If you look at the 50-year-old cells, there will only be 200-300 cells after 30 days. Also, as you age, your stem cells do not secrete as many molecules that will stimulate regeneration. Over age 50, the stem cells are less robust in their capacity to modulate the immune system and decrease inflammation. Controlling inflammation is the real key to anti-aging!
Stem cells home into places of inflammation in the body. That’s the sweet spot for these MSC’s. They secrete substances that turn off these inflammations, and another sweet spot is autoimmune disease. The umbilical cord MSC’s secrete more of these immune-modulating substances and they are more potent and have a greater effect on inflammation than the MSC’s from your fat.
Diseases Treated With Stem Cells:
- Congestive Heart Failure
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Auto-Immune Diseases
- Spinal Cord Injury
In summary, Umbilical Cord MSC’s:
- Potent Anti-Inflammatory Action
- Potent Tissue Regeneration
- Potent Immune Modulation
Please call me for more information about Umbilical Cord Stem cells for you.
Bonnie S. Friehling, M.D. (573) 446-1200.
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